For the study, Powering Africa through Feed-in Tariffs, researchers from Kenya and the US examined existing and planned laws for promoting renewables in 13 African countries, including Algeria, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa. The work focused on the socio-economic effects of feed-in regulations and on the requirements for implementing the measures effectively.
In the 155-page final report, the researchers stress that feed-in tariffs would significantly increase the amount of energy produced both in grid-connected and in off-grid regions. A law on tariffs would also boost social development by simplifying matters for decentralised, autonomous energy production, which is crucial to democratisation and to helping local communities govern themselves.
Summarising the findings of the study, Kulthoum Omari of the Heinrich Böll Foundation said: “We found that feed-in laws for renewable energies are most effective if they are viewed as an integral part of a broader development strategy in a given country. For this kind of law to succeed, politicians have to be on board, and civil society and the private sector need guarantees that they will be closely involved in the process.”